Discharge Instructions: Using a Peak Flow Meter
A peak flow meter measures how fast you can push air out of your lungs. Your peak flow reading may be an early sign that your asthma is getting out of control. Steps for using a peak flow meter are below. Your healthcare provider may want you to just take peak flow measurements as noted below. Or your provider may want the readings to be part of your asthma action plan.
Healthcare provider and phone number: _______________________
I need to measure my peak flow:
Check all that apply:
For example, your provider may want you to measure your peak flow 2 times every day, when you wake up and before you go to sleep.
Checking peak flow
Bring your peak flow meter and your record of daily peak flow readings to your office visits. Ask your provider or nurse to check how you use your peak flow meter to be sure you are doing it right. There are several types of peak flow meters that look different but do the same thing. The instructions below work for all peak flow meters.
Follow these steps to take your peak flow reading:
Move the marker to 0 or to the lowest number on the scale.
Stand upright. No slouching. If you can't stand, sit up straight in a chair. Be sure you're in the same position each time.
Remove any gum or food in your mouth.
Slowly take in a deep breath. Fill your lungs all the way.
While holding your breath, put the mouthpiece of the meter between your teeth. Close your lips tightly around it, making a tight seal around the mouthpiece. Check that your tongue does not block the hole.
Blow into the mouthpiece once, as hard and fast as you can. Your peak flow meter will measure how fast you can blow air out.
Take the meter out of your mouth.
Check where the marker has moved to on the numbered scale. Write this number down.
Follow-up with your healthcare provider
As soon as you can, make follow-up appointments as directed.
Call 911right away if you have:
Shortness of breath that does not get better after using your quick-relief medicine
Trouble walking and talking because of shortness of breath
Blue, purple, or gray colored lips or fingernails
Feeling of dizziness or confusion
Severe wheezing or problems breathing
A peak flow reading less than 50% of your personal best